Bases of American Civilization

Bases of American Civilization

What were the bases of Civilization in America (Revised 10/9/01)
Migration of the European and Asian Homo sapiens across the tundra land bridge, presently the Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia, is said to be due from ?increasing population pressures?(p. 198), and the pursuit of mammoths, mastodons and other large game. Civilization in America was separate from the classical world of Asia, North Africa and southern Europe, and progressed on it?s own, without the help of any previous civilization.
The ancient hunters?the first evident humans around 9500 B.C.E.?basis of social organization revolved around kinship, a basis commonly present in many future groups. The seclusion and isolation of these groups have some believing the people of America developed agriculture, domestication of some animals, weaving, ceramics, a number system, religious ideas, complex societies and urbanization.
Environmental change, disappearance of large game and stabilization of the sea coast became a few underlying factors for the cultures; transition to agriculture and a sedentary way of life created dependency on agriculture, beginning a process resulting in 3 systems: complex social, political and economical. Sedentary populations who could produce surpluses attained the status of a complex society, forming a base for hierarchical societies.

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Cultural Analysis Of Bolivia

Cultural Analysis Of Bolivia

Cultural Analysis

History
Civilization in the Bolivian Andes is thought to stretch back some 21,000 years. The most influential Pre-Columbian cultures were the Tiahuanaco, who were based around Lake Titicaca and who ruled the region between 600-1200 AD, and the Incas, who headed a vast empire comprising most of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Chile.
The Spanish conquest of the country began in 1531 under Francisco Pizarro. In 1544, deposits of silver were discovered at Potosi. The wealth generated by this find underwrote the Spanish economy (and the extravagance of its monarchs) for more than two centuries. Independence was finally declared in 1825 by an assembly which met in Chuquisaca (Sucre). General Antonio Jose de Sucre, was elected as the first president. The land of Alto Peru was then renamed Bolivar, later changed to Bolivia, in honor of its liberator Simon Bolivar.
At the time of its birth, Bolivia extended to the Pacific and included most of the coast of the Atacama desert and the port of Antofagasta. However, the discovery of rich nitrate deposits in the Atacama desert and rising border tensions led the outbreak of a war between Chile and Bolivia (1879-1883). Chiles victory in this war resulted in Bolivias loss

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Politics

Politics

Politics

Throughout American history there have been changes
that have shaped the way we live today. Some of them are
small things: for example the way we vote, the way
requirements for a citizenship are obtain and other minor
things that does not effect every person at any given time.
There are also many consistent ways we have lived in
America through our history such as: the two party systems
and how we are represented have been constant for a long
period of time in the United States. None of these things
are as important as the end of segregation and our
economic structure, capitalism. These two effect the entire
country continuously throughout history, no matter who you
are our what your beliefs or your political views.
Capitalism is one of the longest and most important
constants in America today. Its emphasis around the
“America Dream” defines America and appeals to many
countries, that you can own your own land, business,
house, car, or almost anything you could ever want. This
is the very essence that has separated the United States for
the rest of the world for a long time. The idea that the
harder you work and the better

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Daily Life Of Ancient Egyptians

Daily Life Of Ancient Egyptians

The aim of this book was focused toward the mature student reader as well as

historians seeking information on the life of the Ancient Egyptians . The book goes

into very specific detail in certain topics such as, the industrious and creative

Egyptians revealing much about their lives in tomb paintings, artifacts, and written

words. This book summarizes the available information on the family, dress, houses,

meals, worship, work, play, jewelry and entertainment. Giving the reader high

knowledge of the Egyptians life, the author takes us back in time about three and a

half thousand years (1347-1334 B.C.) to Egypts fabled Valley of the Kings and the

valley of the Queens. The valley of the Queens is across the Nile River from the great

city known as Thebes. The village was described to be as home to generations of

workers and their families and friends.

2)
The content of the book written By James F. Romano deals with the everyday

lives of the ancient Egyptians. The author that the father was the responsible for the

economic well-being of the family ; however he was obliged to honor

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Bali

Bali

Bali is located in an archipelago country of Indonesia. It is an island in the Southern part of Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean. There is no other island more beautiful than Bali. The island is nicknamed “Island of the Gods” for its natural beauty and friendly Balinese.
Bali is one big sculpture. Every status is manicured and polished with such delicate details, every niche and field is carved by men. The surface of the island is marked by deep ravines, fast flowing river, and a stretch of volcanic chain. On the plains of Bali, rice fields are exquisitely carved out of hills and valleys, and the water is just sparkling with green. Besides rice, crops such as tea, cacao, groundnuts and tropical fruits flourish in the island.
Balinese are skilled artists. They do extremely well in woodcarving. The women of Bali are noted for their traditional dancing and for their skills in weaving clothes from thread as well as embroidering silk and cotton.
The majority of Balinese believe in the teaching of Hinduism. Unlike Hinduism in India, in Bali Hinduism has developed on its own line of faith. The Balinese are scared witless of ghosts, goblins, and the like, which

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis

As the end of World War II drew near, world politics began to change. Germany, the wartime superpower was crushed; Britain, a major world giant before the war, was destitute. The world was tired of fighting, and many nations (on both sides) were weak from the effort expended on victory. But two countries rose to greater heights in the postwar era: the United States and the Soviet Union. They were very different from each other, but had one thing in common, pride. America was cocky, used to getting its way, while Russia was sneaky, and frivolous with its new power. They both sought ways to manipulate foreign policy and gain greater dominion. Eventually, their efforts crossed, and what resulted is the Cuban Missile Crisis. This conflict between Russia and the United States was an intense event, from its beginnings, to the roles of Russian and American leaders, and finally to its non-violent conclusion.
In discussing the Cuban Missile Crisis, there are several events that made this the climax of the Cold War. First, America?s attack on a sovereign nation in an attempt to overthrow their existing government was a complete

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City Of Big Shoulders Chicago Governance Shaping City Geogr

City Of Big Shoulders: Chicago Governance Shaping City Geography

City of Big Shoulders: Chicago Governance Shaping City Geography

?Vote early, vote often,? this was the phrase that the Chicago mobsters told its ?employees? to do in early Chicago political elections (www.cfmedia). This idea is one that can help to emphasize the amount of corruption in Chicago governance. This paper will be looking at not only corruption in governance, but also issues in city finance, and the city?s role in planning and development. This paper will look more at the business and industry aspect of Chicago governance, with the underlying theme that because of the city?s actions in some way or another, the physical shape and geography of the city is a manifestation of city activities in governance.
Corruption in Chicago is not a thing of the past. Corruption exists in all time periods of Chicago history. For the sake of this paper, time periods of corruption will be broken down to the time before 1975 and the time from 1975 to present day. This allows for a better look of how corruption had an effect on the geography of Chicago.
As seen with the opening quote of this paper, corruption was a part of early Chicago

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Politicians Say The Darndest Things

Politicians Say The Darndest Things

Politicians Say the Darndest Things

During the year 2000 election, many things were said with an intent to hurt the opponent?s reputation, and corrode his follower?s faith in his leadership. These harmful words were used so that the other candidate could gain an edge in the polls. Unjust acts such as the ones described above would have been considered slanderous fifty years ago. The worst part about this sort of thing happening is, unfortunately, for the most part it is the candidates who are doing the talking while America is listening and allowing it to happen. This name calling is compounded by the fact that more and more candidates are relying on these tactics for the upper hand in any given election. While both parties, Republican and Democrat, are guilty of this, one statement above all was the most untactful and did not set a good example to the American people; the statement referred to George W. Bush Jr.?s competency to run the white house. The statement made by both Al Gore and Joe Liberman that George W. Bush would be unable to maintain the Presidency due to lack of political experience was both

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis

cuban missile crisis

Many agree that the Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war; but exactly how close did it come The Crisis was ultimately a showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union from October 16 to October 28, 1962. During those thirteen stressful days, the world?s two biggest superpowers stood on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. The Crisis started as a result of both the Soviet Union?s fear of losing the arms race, and Cuba?s fear of US invasion. The Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, thought that both problems could easily be solved by placing Soviet medium range missiles in Cuba. This deployment would double the Soviet arsenal and protect Cuba from US invasion. Khrushchev proposed this idea to Cuban Premier, Fidel Castro, who, like Khrushchev, saw the strategic advantage. The two premiers worked together in secrecy throughout the late-summer and early-fall of 1962. The Soviets shipped sixty medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) along with their warheads, launch equipment, and necessary operating personnel to Cuba. When United States President, John F. Kennedy discovered the presence of these offensive weapons, he immediately organized EX-COMM, a group of his twelve most important advisors. They

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Chinese

Chinese

Population Disaster

The People?s Republic of China is a vastly populated country. The inhabitants of the country make up approximately twenty percent of the world?s population. For nearly 2,000 years, the population of China fluctuated between 60,000,000 and 110,000,000. When the People?s Republic of China was founded in 1949, the population was approximately 540,000,000. Within three decades, the population had increased to over 800,000,000. During the next three decades the population is expected to increase by over 260,000,000. Although this is not as tremendous an increase as in the first thirty years of the country, this number is equivalent to the total population of the United States. This increase is driven by the high fertility rates of the 1950?s and 1960?s, which averaged between 5.6 and 6.3 children per woman. During the 1970?s and 1980?s the fertility rate dropped to around 1.8 children per woman. Even though the fertility rate has dropped, the population will continue to experience tremendous growth because of the large number of young adults of reproductive age.
The United Nations Population Division estimates that China?s population will grow to 1,490,000,000 by 2025, but will decrease slightly to

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